Things to Keep In Mind
- Wildlife and existing native plants and their needs.
- The sun’s movement through your property during the day and throughout the seasons. It’s helpful to know where the sun hits your house in the hottest months, so if you don’t have shade there, you can plan to create some.
- The size that your plants will be 5 to 10 years from now. Will everything have enough room to grow without pruning?
- Underground water/gas/electric/phone lines. There’s usually a number you can call to have them all marked for you before you start digging.
- Pets– yours and your neighbors. How will they effect your plantings
- Water usage and availability.
List of Possible Features
Water storage – barrels, tanks, cisterns, etc.
Chicken/Rabbit/Goat/? housing and pens
Annual Vegetable beds
Greenhouse/hoop house/cold frame
Potting shed/tool storage/Utility area
Sitting area/picnic area/patio/meditation area
Fruit trees and bushes
Children’s play area
Butterfly/Pollinator/Bee plants or garden
Woodland Garden/Native plant garden
Fish or Frog pond
Wildflower Meadow/wild garden
Make a list of the important features you want to ultimately work into your landscape. Think about each feature and its most logical placement. Try to place things according to how often you will visit them. You will need to feed and water and deal with animals a couple times a day, so you don’t want to have to go too far to do this. On the other hand the potential for odiferousness on warm summer days exists even with the cleanest systems, so not placing them next to a patio or sitting area makes sense. A birdbath and bird feeder are things you want to be able to see – even from indoors, so plan to place them in a very visible spot – but one that birds will feel safe visiting. In Permaculture they call this Zones. Most of it just takes common sense, but you also need to work with the space you have and the needs of the different features. List your priorities first and see how many your place will accommodate.
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